Gazprom recently said it had completely suspended gas supplies to Bulgarian Gas company and Polish Oil and Gas Company (PGNiG) because it was not being paid in rubles. Russia said it would resume gas supplies after it agreed to pay for them in rubles.
Bulgaria and Poland announced Monday that they have received a notice from Russia to suspend natural gas supplies from Monday.
Russian President Vladimir Putin on March 31 signed a presidential decree to settle gas trade with "unfriendly" countries and regions in rubles. When the new rules took effect on April 1, Presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said Russia would not immediately "cut off gas" to Europe, as the cost of gas supplies starting April 1 should be settled in the second half of April or May.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk WS2 powder are still very uncertain.
Tungsten disulfide, as a new type of solid lubricating material, its chemical properties are relatively stable. It can adapt to a variety of extremely harsh conditions, to provide maximum wear resistance, rust, and corrosion protection. And it is environmentally friendly, is not toxic, and will not cause harm to human health. It can be widely used in the automotive industry.
Tungsten disulfide has a layered crystal structure. It has excellent lubricity, with a very low friction coefficient, the dynamic friction coefficient is 0.030, and the static friction coefficient is 0.070. It is coated on the surface of automobile parts, can greatly reduce wear, and bite, eliminate or reduce the friction, and wear caused by equipment maintenance, maintenance, and other problems, and improve the working efficiency and service life of automobile parts.
When the engine is running, the temperature is very high, and the pistons are turning back and forth at a very high speed. Operating in such harsh conditions, pistons wear out faster. Because the friction coefficient of tungsten disulfide is small, the parts used for high temperature or heavy load friction can also maintain a lubrication effect. At this point, it is coated on the surface of the piston, which will reduce wear, reduce temperature, and prolong the service life.
The piston ring is the least durable part of the engine. The piston ring rotates with the piston at high speed and is affected by the high temperature and high-pressure gas in the cylinder. The oil is particularly prone to deterioration at high temperatures, so its wear is very serious. With tungsten disulfide, friction is reduced and it is possible to move with the piston at high speed, high pressure, high temperature, and extremely difficult lubrication conditions.
The crankshaft is one of the most important parts of the engine, and its working state is also high-speed rotation, so it must be able to resist wear and fatigue. Journal surface is generally after high-frequency quenching or nitriding treatment, its surface coated with tungsten disulfide and fine grinding, and its wear resistance and fatigue strength will be greatly improved.
The universal joint, steering knuckle, spring steel bushing, front, and rear brake CAM bushing, are relatively difficult to be greased. In frequent operation, the lubricating oil will deteriorate and lose lubrication effect, and tungsten disulfide has excellent mechanical stability and thermal stability, which can well ensure that these parts enjoy lubrication effect and reduce wear.
Tungsten disulfide has excellent compatibility, water erosion resistance, and affinity with most paints, solvents, and fuels. It ensures that there is always a layer of lubrication on the surface of the bearings in the water pump and the silicone fan clutch as well as the helical gears that drive the distributor, so as to protect against rust and corrosion.
With these excellent properties, tungsten disulfide can also be used in the machinery industry, plastic industry, medical equipment industry, as well as military, aerospace, satellite, spacecraft, and other high-tech fields.
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality tungsten disulfide WS2 powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
Recently, the first press conference of the Boao Forum For Asia Annual Conference 2022 was held. Two flagship reports were released at the conference: "Asia's Economic Prospects and Integration Process 2022" and "Sustainable Asia and the World 2022-Green Transformation in Action in Asia".
The flagship report points out that the global economy will recover in 2021, and the pace of economic integration in the Asia-Pacific has not stopped even in the face of the impact of COVID-19. The Asia-Pacific region has provided new impetus for the world's economic recovery and institutional building.
The report gives an outlook on the Asian economy, noting that a number of factors will affect Asian economic growth. For example, mutated strains such as Delta and Omicron have become more transmissible, and many economies are experiencing epidemic peaks again. The Ukraine crisis has triggered geopolitical changes in Asia and Europe, leading to higher commodity prices, which may affect the global energy supply and energy transformation.
The report pointed out that the Asian economy will still be in the process of recovery in 2022, but the growth rate may moderate. According to the report, Asia's economic growth in 2022 is likely to be lower than the current IMF forecast, which is projected at 4.8%.
Affected by several factors, the supply of the WS2 powder is erratic and thus its prices are expected to go higher in the future.
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